My name is Claudius Gräbner and I am an economist working as a Junior Professor (W1 TT) at the Europa University Flensburg (Germany) and as a research associate at the Institute of Comprehensive Analysis of the Economy (ICAE) of the Johannes Kepler University Linz (Austria). I am also a research fellow of the Institute for future-fit economies (ZOE).
My research is mainly concerned with the socio-economic effects of globalization, the determinants for international competitiveness, economic complexity, institutions and socio-economic development. Besides, I am also interested in economic methodology, in particular how economic models can be helpful in understanding real economic systems.
On this homepage I provide some information and material about the research projects I am responsible for, my teaching and lecturing activites, my research, and myself.
I am currently working on the following third-party funded research projects.
Click here for a full list of news and announcements.
Two of our recent publications study the role of the Global South within the Degrowth discourse. The paper „Degrowth and the Global South: The twin problem of global dependencies“ was recently published in the journal Ecological Economics. It builds on a systematic literature review and not only describes the various ways that the existing literature on degrowth considers the Global South, but also delineates implications for future research in this subject area. It stresses that it is particularly the challenge of structural dependencies between the Global North and South that should receive more attention in the future.
In a companion paper, which has been published in the Journal of Economics Issues, we studies to what extent this challenge could be addressed by referring more to work from the field of institutionalist studies.
In a recent publication, myself, Theresa Hager and Anna Hornykewycz discuss the new development model of the European Union. The study "Competing for Sustainability? An Institutionalist Analysis of the New Development Model of the European Union" has been published in the Journal of Economic Issues and discusses whether the EU's new economic development model of competitive sustainability could serve as a blueprint for environmentally sustainable development models for advanced economies in general.
On Macrch 3 I gave a presentation for the Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion (DG EMPL) of the European Commission in which he discusses the relationship between climate and cohesion policy in the European Union. The presentation builds on work done in cooperation with the ZOE Institute for future-fit economies and took place within the Speaker Series ‚Social Policy Unpacked: Exploring pathways for fair green and digital transitions’. The presentation was public and followed by an internal discussion with the members of the Commission. The recording of the public part of the event and the corresponding slides are publicly available.
Together with some colleaques I have published a paper on "Trade models in the European Union". In this paper we study the factors underlying differences in trade performance across European economies and delineate six different “trade models” for 22 EU countries. We do so clustering countries on the basis of four key dimensions of trade performance: endowments, technological specialisation, labour market characteristics and regulatory requirements. Subsequently, we provide a comparative analysis of the economic development and trends in inequality across these trade models. The paper is available open access here.
On January 26 I gave an invited lecture introducing the topic of "Agent-Based Modelling and Complexity Economics" (German: "Agentenbasierte Modellierung und Komplexitätsökonomik") at the University of Siegen. The talk was on German an was meant as a first overview. You can find the slides here.
I gave a presentation at this year’s AFEE session on “Dependency and Structuralism in the Current Crisis” during the ASSA meetings in New Orleans. The title was “Degrowth and the Global South? How institutionalism can complement a timely discourse on ecologically sustainable development in an unequal world” and it extends another paper of ours by asking how institutionalist contributions can help addressing blind spots in the current discourse on degrowth and the Global South. The slides are available here, and the current draft of the underlying paper here. Earlier, my colleague Theresa Hager presented a joint paper of ours at the ICAPE conference earlier. The current version of the paper, which analyzes the merger of “competitiveness” and “sustainability” in the current development model of the EU can be found here.
I was invited to give a keynote on the merits and challenges of an "Applied Economic Methodology" at the Second Philosophy & Economics Conference in Vienna. In my talk I argue that concepts developed from economic methodologists can greatly help in improving actual economic practice. During the discussion, some of the methodologists in the audience pointed out that in their experience, most economists were less receptive for the work of methodologists - something that I find very sad and hopefully changes in the future. You can find the slides of the talk here.
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